| Utagawa Kunimasu ： ウィキペディア英語版|
was a designer of ''ukiyo-e'' woodblock prints in Osaka who was active during the late Edo period. He was a leading producer of ''kamigata-e'', prints from the Osaka and Kyoto areas. He is also known as Sadamasu (), the artist name he used prior to Kunimasu.
Very little is known of Kunimasa's personal details, including his birth and death dates.〔The National Gallery of Victoria lists his year of birth as 1773 and year of death as 1810; this is, however, unverified by other sources and the NGV cites no reference. See http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/col/artist/3584〕 Art historians tend to date his activity to the early 1830s through the early 1850s.〔Roberts: 1830-1852; Doesburg: 3/1830-11/1854; Pushkin: late 1820s-1852; Lyon Collection: 1832-1852; MFA Boston: 1834-1852; Barry Rosenteel Japanese Print Collection: 1832-1854〕 An 1835 'Who's who' type catalogue from the Naniwa area of Osaka describes him as "a master" of ''ukiyo-e'', indicating that he was already a well-established artist by the early 1830s.〔Doesburg 2012〕 Other manuscripts from the mid 1840s list him as living in the Senba () district of Osaka.〔 In 1899, a brief biography by Meiji era historian Sekine Shisei (1868–1912) was included in a compendium of biographies. According to Sekine, Kunimasu was a moneyed property owner who studied print design under Utagawa Kunisada in Edo〔Doesburg dates the beginning of his apprenticeship to "some time between 8/1828 and 3/1830."〕 before himself mentoring several pupils and opening his own print design school.〔 Others have suggested that the artist was born into wealth and owned a shipbuilding company.〔Roberts 1990, 96〕 What is certain is that he enjoyed considerable financial freedom and used it to promote ''ukiyo-e'' and its producers within Osaka.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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