The University of Swaziland (or UNISWA) is the national university of Swaziland.
It was established by act of parliament in 1982.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=University of Swaziland )〕 The university developed from the University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland (UBLS), formerly known as the University of Basutoland,
Bechuanaland and Swaziland (UBBS), which was established in 1964.
It became the University of Botswana and Swaziland in 1976 and then became an independent national
university in 1982.〔
The university is divided into seven faculties, which are located in the three campuses of the university. Luyengo campus houses the faculty of Agriculture, Mbabane campus is home to the faculty of Health Sciences, and Kwaluseni campus is the main campus. The University of Swaziland is mainly an undergraduate institution, offering bachelor's degrees. There are a few postgraduate programs including one Ph.D. program.
The head of the university is the Chancellor who is His Majesty King Mswati III. Its daily management is the responsibility of the Vice Chancellor, who currently is Professor Cisco Magagula. UNISWA is home to various research centers and institutes.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Centres and Institutes )〕
The university also publishes some research periodicals such as the UNISWA Research Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology and the UNISWA Research Journal.
〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=UNISWA Research Centre - UREJ Policy )〕
〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=UNISWA Research Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology )〕
Tertiary education in Swaziland began with the establishment of the University of Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland in 1964 and continued via the University of Botswana and Swaziland between 1976 and 1982. It was only after the splitting of the latter institution in 1982 that the University of Swaziland (UNISWA) was finally established. The Swaziland Agricultural College and University Centre, which came into being in 1966, had developed independently, and it now
constitutes UNISWA’s Faculty of Agriculture and is situated on the Luyengo campus of the university.
Main recipient of the courses offered are officers working for the Ministry of Agriculture and Education.
There are two other campuses which, like Luyengo, are situated in the Mbabane/ Manzini corridor in the west-central area of the country. The main and oldest campus is at Kwaluseni, which was financed jointly by the United Kingdom, USA, Canada, the Anglo American Corporation,
and the Swaziland government. This campus houses the faculties of Commerce, Education, Humanities, and Science. The Mbabane campus houses the Faculty of Health Sciences, established in 1996. Certificate, diploma and degree programmes are offered in general and specialised nursing, community mental health
science and environmental health services.
Since achieving full university status in the early 1980s, UNISWA has grown in accordance with its chief mandate, which is to assist in the national development effort through manpower production. The output of teachers, nurses and agricultural experts has risen steadily, while the double-subject-major degrees on offer in both the humanities and the sciences have been designed to provide teachers with more than one speciality – an important qualification where teacher shortages are endemic.
The electronic and electrical engineering programme offered by the Faculty of Science and Engineering reflects the need to rapidly develop the science and technology expertise within the country.〔http://www.sarua.org/?q=uni_swaziland SARUA〕 〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering )〕
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