The University of Stirling is a UK research intensive campus university founded by Royal charter in 1967 in Stirling, Scotland. It is ranked among the top 50 universities in the world that are under 50 years old by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Times 100 under 50 )〕 In the most recent assessment of research in the UK, Research Excellence Framework, it was ranked 5th in Scotland for research and 40th in the UK. Its students come from more than 100 countries and it offers degree courses overseas in Singapore and Vietnam. Stirling was the first completely new university established in Scotland since the University of Edinburgh was founded in 1582.
==History and campus development==
The original site of the campus was selected from a shortlist of competing sites that also included Dumfries, Inverness, Ayr, Falkirk, Perth and Cumbernauld. The report's author, Lord Robbins, was later appointed the University's first Chancellor in 1968.
The main campus is situated around from the centre of Stirling, close to the town of Bridge of Allan. It was formerly the estate of the Robert Adam-designed Airthrey Castle, which the University has retained and incorporated into the campus as teaching facilities and offices. It is regularly described as one of the most beautiful campuses in the world, and nestles at the foot of Abbey Craig and the Ochil Hills in of grounds centred around the 18th century man-made Airthrey Loch.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=InStirling )〕
In 2002, the University of Stirling and the landscape of the Airthrey Estate was designated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites as one of the top 20 heritage sites of the 20th century within the UK.〔
The campus was originally designed by the Scottish architectural practice Robert Matthew Johnson Marshall in a low-rise, highly functional, modern style, envisaged to integrate with the contours of the surrounding landscape.
When the University first received its Royal Charter on 13 November 1967, there were 164 undergraduate and 31 postgraduate students. By 2007 the university had produced around 45,000 graduates. The University of Stirling however has a relatively small student population, in the UK (out of ).〔 92.2% of undergraduates currently enter from state schools or further education.
The principal administrative and teaching facilities were originally housed in the Pathfoot Building, which was completed in 1968 and subsequently saw several extensions over the years, including a Tropical Aquarium in 1979 and a Virology unit in 1987. In 1993 the Pathfoot Building was selected by the international conservation organisation DoCoMoMo as one of sixty key Scottish monuments of the post-war era. It was also voted as one of Prospect's 100 best modern Scottish buildings. A house for the University Principal, Dr Tom Cottrell, was also completed in 1967. Designed by the architects Morris and Steedman, it was listed at category A in 2009.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Stirling University Campus, 1 Airthrey Castle Yard, Principal's House: Listed Building Report )〕 Pathfoot was later complemented by the Cottrell Building (named after Dr Tom Cottrell), which began development in 1970 and houses numerous lecture theatres, departmental offices, classrooms and computer labs. The Cottrell Building was further enhanced with the completion of the Courtroom extension in 1998 and in 2008/09 the entire building underwent a façade recladding project.
The University Library and Andrew Miller Building were completed in 1971.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=History of the Estate – Cottrell and Pathfoot Development )〕 The Library holds over 500,000 volumes, over 9,000 journals and reopened in August 2010 after a major refurbishment programme. The Andrew Miller Building incorporates an Atrium, which has several retail and food outlets, including a bookstore, bank and general store. The Atrium also acts as the principal hub for most day-to-day campus activities, due to its central location, linking together the Library and Robbins' Centre Students Union, as well as connecting bridges to both the Cottrell Building and on-campus student residences. The University's first Principal, Tom Cottrell, believed that art should be part of the everyday cultural experience at the University, and his inspiration led to the establishment of the MacRobert Arts Centre, which is a small theatre and cinema complex, located adjacent to the Andrew Miller Building. The Centre is open both to members of the University community and to the general public. Stirling has also developed a considerable fine art collection since 1967, comprising over 300 works including; paintings, tapestries and sculpture.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Art at Stirling )〕
A visit by Queen Elizabeth II to the site in 1972 caused considerable controversy; student protests against the Queen's visit were vociferous and, in some cases, fuelled by alcohol, and the disturbances were widely condemned in the press and the local community, where students were refused access to buses and other facilities for a time.
As the University has continued to expand since its inception, further development has taken place including; the world-renowned Institute of Aquaculture opened by Princess Diana in 1982, the R.G. Bomont Building, which was completed in 1998, and houses the School of Health Science, the Iris Murdoch building, opened in 2002 for The Dementia Services Development Centre, and the Colin Bell Building, completed in 2003 for the School of Applied Social Science.
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