The University of Sri Lanka ((シンハラ語:ශ්රී ලංකා විශ්වවිද්යාලය), (タミル語:இலங்கைப் பல்கலைக்கழகம்)) was a public university in Sri Lanka. Established in 1972 by amalgamating the four existing universities, it was the only university in Sri Lanka from 1972 until 1978. The university was based at six campuses in Colombo, Peradeniya, Sri Jayewardenepura, Kelaniya, Moratuwa and Jaffna. The university was dissolved in 1978 and its six campuses became independent universities.
The ''Ceylon University Ordinance No. 20 of 1942'' established Sri Lanka's first fully fledged degree granting university, the University of Ceylon, on 1 July 1942 by amalgamating Ceylon University College and Ceylon Medical College. The university was initially based at the Ceylon University College site in Colombo whilst a new campus was built at Peradeniya. Various faculties and departments moved from Colombo to Peradeniya from 1949 onwards. The university's administration moved to Peradeniya in 1952 and the university officially became the University of Ceylon, Peradeniya on 6 October 1952. Sections of the university continued to be based at the Colombo campus of the university.
The ''Vidyodaya University and Vidyalankara University Act No. 45 of 1958'' elevated Vidyodaya Pirivena at Maligakanda and the Vidyalankara Pirivena at Kelaniya into two separate universities.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.sjp.ac.lk/aboutus/history.html )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.kln.ac.lk/index.php/history )〕 Vidyodaya University and Vidyalankara University opened in 1959.
By the mid 1960s there were calls for the creation of a separate, independent university based at the Colombo campus. The ''Ceylon University Ordinance No. 20 of 1942'' was replaced by ''Higher Education Act No. 20 of 1966''. At the 1967 Throne Speech it was announced that a new university was to be established in Colombo. Under the provisions of the Higher Education Act the University of Ceylon, Colombo was established with effect from 1 October 1967.
The ''University of Ceylon Act No. 1 of 1972'' amalgamated the four universities - University of Ceylon, Peradeniya, University of Ceylon, Colombo, Vidyodyaya University and Vidyalankara University - into a single university, the University of Sri Lanka, with four campuses. At the same time the Ceylon College of Technology at Katubedda became the fifth campus of the university.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.mrt.ac.lk/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=52&Itemid=56 )〕 Jaffna became the sixth campus of the university on 25 July 1974.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.jfn.ac.lk/aboutusmore.htm )〕
The ''Universities Act No. 16 of 1978'' radically altered university education in Sri Lanka. The University of Sri Lanka was abolished and its six campuses were each elevated to independent, autonomous universities in their own right: University of Peradeniya, University of Colombo, University of Sri Jayewardenepura (Vidyodaya), University of Kelaniya (Vidyalankara), University of Moratuwa (Katubedda) and University of Jaffna.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.ugc.ac.lk/si/policy/universities-act/46.html )〕
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