The University of South Florida, also known as USF, is an American metropolitan public research university located in Tampa, Florida, United States. USF also a member institution of the State University System of Florida. Founded in 1956, USF is the fourth-largest public university in the state of Florida, with a total enrollment of 48,373 as of the 2014–2015 academic year. The USF system comprises three institutions: USF Tampa, USF St. Petersburg and USF Sarasota-Manatee. Each institution is separately accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.〔 The university is home to 14 colleges, offering more than 80 undergraduate majors and more than 130 graduate, specialist, and doctoral-level degree programs.
USF is classified by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching in the top tier of research universities, and is among three other universities in Florida to hold this highest level of classification. In its 2011 ranking, the Intellectual Property Owners Association placed USF 10th among all universities worldwide in the number of US patents granted.〔 The university has an annual budget of $1.5 billion and an annual economic impact of over $3.7 billion. In a ranking compiled by the National Science Foundation, USF ranks 43rd in the United States for total research spending amongst all universities, public and private.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.research.usf.edu/dsr/proposal-prep/general-info.asp )〕
USF ranks in the top 100 best public schools in the 2014 Best Colleges edition of ''U.S. News & World Report''.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/rankings/national-universities/top-public/page+4 )〕 USF was named a national leader in online education by ''Guide to Online Schools''.〔 USF graduate level programs – including Public Health, Library and Information Studies, Education, and Criminology – continue to rank among the nation's 50 best in the ''U.S. News & World Report'' graduate school rankings.〔
USF was the first independent state university conceived, planned, and built during the 20th century. Former U.S. Representative Sam Gibbons was instrumental in the school's creation when he was a state representative and is considered by many to be the "Father of USF." Though founded in 1956, the university was not officially named until the following year, and courses did not begin until 1960.〔 The university was built off Fowler Avenue on the site of Henderson Air Field, a World War II airstrip.〔 Before Henderson Field, the area was part of the 1920s 5000 acre temple orange grove, the largest citrus grove in the world at the time, which gave the nearby City of Temple Terrace its name. In 1957, the Florida Cabinet approved the name "University of South Florida."〔 At the time, USF was the southernmost university in the state university system.〔 In 1962, the official USF mascot was unveiled as the "Golden Brahman."〔 In the late 1980s, the mascot evolved into the "Bulls."
The university grew under the leadership of John Allen, who served as its first president from 1957 until his retirement in 1970.〔 During this time, the university expanded rapidly, due in part to the first master's degree programs commencing in 1964.〔 Allen was known for his opposition to college sports in favor of an environment more academically-centered. Allen's ultimate legacy was to be the first person to build a modern state university from scratch: "As a completely new and separate institution, the University of South Florida became the first new institution of its kind to be conceived, planned and built in the United States in the 20th century."〔"'Build Us A University'—And That's What Dr. John Stuart Allen Did," St. Petersburg Times, pp. 1D & 5D (April 26, 1970). Retrieved March 5, 2010.〕 Today the John and Grace Allen Administration Building, named after the university's founding president and his wife, houses vital Tampa campus departments including Student Affairs, the Admissions Welcome Center, and the Controller's Office.
In 1970, M. Cecil Mackey became the university's second president.〔 During his time at USF, Mackey opened the university's medical school, School of Nursing, and first-ever Ph.D. program.〔 Additionally, Mackey worked to strengthen the St. Petersburg campus, while opening new satellite campuses in Sarasota and Fort Myers.〔 While serving as university president, Mackey continued to teach economics courses in a conference room across from his office.〔 Mackey first coined a new descriptor for USF: "a metropolitan university."〔 The term is still used to describe USF today.
USF emerged as a major research institution during the 1980s under the leadership of the university's third president John Lott Brown.〔(Honorary Committee Biographies )〕 During his tenure, the USF Graduate School was established in 1980.〔 In 1986, Brown oversaw the opening of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute on the USF Tampa campus.〔 USF became the first university in the nation to offer a Ph.D. in applied anthropology and the first in the State University System of Florida to offer a degree program in women's studies.〔 In January 1988, USF Lakeland opened.〔
On February 15, 1988, Francis T. Borkowski was inaugurated as the university's fourth president.〔 He served as president for five years, laying the groundwork for the university's football program, establishing on-campus housing for the USF president at the Lifsey House, and merging several colleges into the College of Arts and Sciences.
Betty Castor became the university's fifth president and first female president when she was inaugurated in January 1994.〔 She served as USF president for six years until 1999. During this time, USF grew to be one of the largest universities in the nation in terms of enrollment.〔 The Florida Board of Regents named USF a "Research 1" University in 1998.〔 In 1997, the university began its inaugural season of NCAA football.〔 Two years later, the Herd of Thunder marching band debuted.〔 In 2006, Castor returned to USF to lead the Dr. Kiran C. Patel Center for Global Solutions. Castor stepped down from her position as director in 2009.
The university is currently led by its sixth president, Dr. Judy Genshaft, who took office in July 2000.〔 She also serves as the president of the USF System. Under Genshaft's leadership, the university has emerged as a top research university and major economic engine with an annual economic impact of $3.7 billion.〔 The university has expanded its global reach, with the opening of the first Confucius Institute in Florida in 2008 and the creation of the Genshaft/Greenbaum Passport Scholarship Fund in 2011, which provides financial support to USF students who want to study abroad.〔 Under Genshaft, USF has continuously been ranked among the top veteran friendly universities in the country.〔 In 2009, USF became the first university in the nation to partner with the United States Department of Veterans Affairs to offer specialized services for veterans taking advantage of the new G.I. Bill.〔 USF continues to improve academically, being ranked among the best colleges in the nation by U.S. News & World Report.〔 In 2012, USF was recognized as one of the nation's largest producers of Fulbright Program scholars.〔
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