University College (in full The Master and Fellows of the College of the Great Hall of the University of Oxford,〔Darwall-Smith, Robin, ''A History of University College, Oxford''. Oxford University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-19-928429-0.〕〔Carr, William, ''(University College )'', Routledge, 1998. ISBN 978-0-415-18632-2.〕 colloquially referred to as "Univ"), is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. It has a claim to being the oldest college of the university, having been founded in 1249 by William of Durham.
As of 2009, the college had an estimated financial endowment of £110m.
The college is associated with a number of influential people. Notable alumni include Clement Attlee, C. S. Lewis, Bill Clinton, V. S. Naipaul, Stephen Hawking and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
== History ==
A legend arose in the 14th century that the college was founded by King Alfred in 872.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.univ.ox.ac.uk/content/history-0 )〕 However most agree its foundation was in 1249 by William of Durham. He bequeathed money to support ten or twelve Masters of Arts studying Divinity, and a property which became known as Aula Universitatis (University Hall) was bought in 1253.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.oxfordhistory.org.uk/high/tour/south/university_college.html )〕 This later date still allows the claim that Univ is the oldest of the Oxford colleges, although this is contested by Balliol College and Merton College.〔(University College - University of oxford )〕
Until the 16th century, it was only open to Fellows studying theology. As Univ grew in size and wealth, its medieval buildings were replaced with the current Main Quadrangle in the 17th Century. Although the foundation stone was placed on 17 April 1634 the disruption of the English Civil War meant it was not completed until sometime in 1676.〔 Radcliffe Quad followed more rapidly by 1719, and the Library was built in 1861.
Univ began to accept female undergraduate students in 1979.
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