The Traditional Anglican Communion (TAC) is an international communion of churches in the continuing Anglican movement independent of the Anglican Communion and the Archbishop of Canterbury. The TAC upholds the theological doctrines of the Affirmation of St. Louis and an Anglo-Catholic interpretation of the Thirty-Nine Articles. Each of the respective jurisdictions utilizes a designated Book of Common Prayer deemed free of innovation. Most parishioners of these churches would be described as being traditional Anglo-Catholics in their theology and liturgical practice. Some parishes use the Anglican Missal in their liturgies. The TAC is guided by a college of bishops from across the communion and headed by an elected primate.〔(The Traditional Anglican Communion Concordat ).〕
The TAC was formed in 1991. Archbishop Louis Falk was its first primate. He was succeeded in 2002 by Archbishop John Hepworth of the Anglican Catholic Church in Australia. At present Archbishop Samuel P. Prakash (India) is the Acting Primate.
The TAC churches have been formed outside of the Anglican Communion churches over a number of different issues. The principal issue has been the ordination of women. Other issues include liturgical revisions, the acceptance of homosexual activity and the importance of tradition within the Church.
The most common quoted membership, from the TAC itself, is 400,000.
== History ==
In 1991, the Traditional Anglican Communion was formed to create an Episcopal see of Continuing Anglican Churches, which originated in the Affirmation of St. Louis, which repudiated the revision of the Book of Common Prayer, in addition to other issues, such as the ordination of women. With the beginning of the 21st century, "the communion reported 14 member churches with a total of 300,000 members spread over six continents."
In October 2007 the bishops of TAC formally expressed the desire to enter into full unity with the See of Rome without losing core Anglican distinctives.〔Hepworth, John. ("Anglican Communion: Rome and the TAC" )〕The full petition accepted the ministry of the Bishop of Rome, and the Catechism of the Catholic Church. The Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith stated, on 5 July 2008, that it was giving serious consideration to the prospect of corporate union with groups of Anglicans and on 29 October 2009 the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith announced Pope Benedict XVI's intention to create a new type of ecclesiastical structure,〔(NOTE OF THE CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF THE FAITH ABOUT PERSONAL ORDINARIATES FOR ANGLICANS ENTERING THE CATHOLIC CHURCH )〕 called a ''personal ordinariate'', for unspecified groups of Anglicans entering into full communion with the See of Rome. On 4 November 2009, Pope Benedict signed the apostolic constitution, ''Anglicanorum Coetibus'', which was released on 9 November 2009 and on 3 March 2010, in Orlando, Florida, the eight members of the House of Bishops of the Anglican Church in America — the United States branch of the TAC — voted unanimously to formally ask the Holy See to be accepted as a personal ordinariate.〔Campbell, Christian (March 3, 2010). ("TAC Formally Requets Personal Ordinariate for USA" ). ''The Anglo-Catholic''.〕〔 Although the Holy See had yet to respond to the ACA, the bishops of the Anglican Church in America voted to have the ACA and its 3,000 claimed communicants in 120 parishes join the Roman Catholic Church. See also: Anglicanorum Coetibus#Anglican Church in America.〕 On 17 March 2010, leaders of the Canadian branch of the TAC (the Anglican Catholic Church of Canada) decided to do the same. The TAC member churches in the United Kingdom and Australia also petitioned for the formation of respective ordinariates.〔Simon Caldwell (Canadian Anglican parishes ask Vatican for Personal Ordinariate ). ''Catholic Herald'', 19 March 2010〕 On 1 March 2012, the TAC College of Bishops announced the acceptance, with immediate effect, of Archbishop Hepworth's resignation as Primate and the appointment of Archbishop Samuel Prakash as Acting Primate. The college also made it known that the TAC would not be accepting the offer made to Anglicans by the Holy See.〔(Statement by TAC bishops )〕
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