Thiruvananthapuram District is the southernmost district of the coastal state of Kerala, in south India. It came into existence in the year 1957. The headquarters is the city of Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) which is also the capital city of Kerala.〔()〕
The district has an area of and a population of 3,307,284 (as per the 2011 census), the second-most populous district in Kerala after Malappuram district. It is the densest district in Kerala with . It is divided into six taluks: Thiruvananthapuram, Chirayinkeezhu, Neyyattinkara, Nedumangadu, Varkala and Kattakada. The urban bodies in the district are the Thiruvananthapuram Corporation, Varkala, Neyyattinkara, Attingal and Nedumangad municipalities.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.indiastudychannel.com/india/localbodies/Districts-189-Thiruvananthapuram.aspx )〕
Thiruvananthapuram district is situated between north latitudes 8°17' and 8°54' and east longitudes 76°41' and 77°17'. The southern-most extremity, Kaliyikkavila, is away from Kanyakumari, the "Land's End of mainland India." The district is 33.75% urbanised.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.censusindiamaps.net/page/India_WhizMap/IndiaMap.htm )〕
The district has three major rivers, several freshwater lakes and more than 300 ponds. The eastern region is forested, northern regions are mostly under rubber cultivation and the remaining areas have mixed dry land crops of coconut, plantain, tapioca, etc. Built up areas and rice fields complete the land use.〔(Keralapages.org Land use, water bodies and panchayats of Kerala )〕
==Origin of name==
The district has the same name as its headquarters city, Thiruvananthapuram.
The city gets its name from the word "Thiru-anantha-puram", meaning the "Abode of Lord Anantha."〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.corporationoftrivandrum.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=158&Itemid=11 )〕 The name derives from the deity of the Hindu temple at the center of the Thiruvananthapuram city. Anantha is the serpent Shesha on whom Padmanabhan or Vishnu reclines. The district was officially referred to as Trivandrum in English until 1991, when the government decided to reinstate the city's original name, Thiruvananthapuram, in all languages.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』