Sir Tancred Robinson (c.1658 – 29 March 1748) was an English physician, known also as a naturalist.
He was born in Yorkshire, the second son of Thomas Robinson (died 1676), a Turkey merchant, and his wife Elizabeth (died 1664), daughter of Charles Tancred of Arden; he often spelt his own name Tankred. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge where he was admitted in 1673 at age 15, and graduating M.B. in 1679.
Robinson then travelled for some years abroad, and, with Hans Sloane, attended the lectures of Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and Guichard Joseph Duverney in Paris. A letter from him to John Ray is dated from there in 1683. In September of the same year he wrote from Montpellier, where he visited Pierre Magnol; and, after staying at Bologna, where he met Marcello Malpighi, and in Rome and Naples, he travelled on, in 1684, to Geneva and Leyden.〔
In August 1684 Robinson was in London. From Montpellier he had written to Martin Lister a letter on the Pont-Saint-Esprit on the Rhône River, printed as one of his first contributions to the ''Philosophical Transactions'' in June 1684, and in the same year he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.〔
Robinson became M.D. of Cambridge in 1685, and fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1687, serving as censor in 1693 and 1717. He was appointed physician in ordinary to George I, and was knighted by him.〔
Robinson died at an advanced age on 29 March 1748.〔
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