| Swedish people ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Swedes ((スウェーデン語:svenskar)) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Sweden, mostly inhabiting Sweden and the other Nordic countries, with descendants living in a number of countries.
The English term "Swede" has been attested in English since the late 16th century and is of Middle Dutch or Middle Low German origin.〔()〕 In Swedish, the term is ''svensk'', which is believed to have been derived from the name of ''svear'' (or Swedes), the people who inhabited Svealand in eastern central Sweden.〔()()〕 The most popular theory is that ''svear'' are the same as the ''Suiones'' described in Tacitus' history ''Germania'' from the 1st century AD. The term is believed to have been derived from the Proto-Indo-European reflexive pronominal root, , as the Latin ''suus''. The word must have meant "one's own (tribesmen)". The same root and original meaning is found in the ethnonym of the Germanic tribe Suebi, preserved to this day in the name Schwaben.〔Noreen, A. ''Nordens äldsta folk- och ortnamn'' (i Fornvännen 1920 sid 32).〕〔name = pokorny>(Pokorny. Indogermanisches Etymologisches Woerterbuch. 1959 )〕〔(Hellquist, Elof. 1922. Svensk etymologisk ordbok. Svear )〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
| 翻訳と辞書 : 翻訳のためのインターネットリソース|
Copyright(C) kotoba.ne.jp 1997-2016. All Rights Reserved.