Supreme Court of Ireland
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The Supreme Court of Ireland ((アイルランド語:Cúirt Uachtarach na hÉireann)) is the highest judicial authority in Ireland. It is a court of final appeal and exercises, in conjunction with the Court of Appeal and the High Court, judicial review over Acts of the Oireachtas (Irish parliament). The Supreme Court also has jurisdiction to ensure compliance with the Constitution of Ireland by governmental bodies and private citizens. It sits in the Four Courts in Dublin.
The Supreme Court consists of its president called the Chief Justice, and not more than nine ordinary members.〔See Section 6 of the ''Courts and Court Officers Act, 1995'' as amended by Section 22 of the ''Courts and Civil Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2013''.〕 There are two ''ex officio'' members: the President of the Court of Appeal who normally sits in the Court of Appeal, and the President of the High Court who normally sits in the High Court. The Supreme Court sits in divisions of three, five or seven judges. Two or more divisions may sit at the same time. When determining whether the President is permanently incapacitated within the meaning of Article 12 of the constitution, ruling on the constitutionality of a bill referred to it by the President under Article 26, or ruling on the constitutionality of any law the court must consist of at least five members.〔See s.7 of the ''Courts (Supplemental Provisions) Act, 1961''.〕
Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President of Ireland in accordance with the binding advice of the Government (cabinet), who, since 1995, act in turn on the non-binding advice of a judicial advisory board.〔See the ''Courts and Court Officers Act, 1995''〕
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