Suffolk County, Massachusetts
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Suffolk County is a county in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. As of 2014, the population was 767,254.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/25/25025.html )〕 The county seat is Boston, the state capital and largest city.〔(【引用サイトリンク】accessdate=2011-06-07 )〕 The county government was abolished in late 1999 and Suffolk remains only as a geographic area, still used by entities such as the National Weather Service to define a weather alert affecting its footprint without listing every single town/city it embraces.
Suffolk County is included in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The county was created by the Massachusetts General Court on May 10, 1643, when it was ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four shires". Suffolk initially contained Boston, Roxbury, Dorchester, Dedham, Braintree, Weymouth, and Hingham.〔Davis, William T. ''Bench and Bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts'', p. 44. The Boston History Company, 1895.〕 The county was named after Suffolk, England, which means "southern folk."〔Thomas Cox, Anthony Hall, Robert Morden, ''(Magna Britannia Antiqua & Nova: Or, A New, Exact, and Comprehensive Survey of the Ancient and Present State of Great Britain )'', Volume 5, (Caesar Ward and Richard Chandler: London, 1738), pg. 171 (accessed on Google Book Search, June 22, 2008)〕
In 1731, the extreme western portions of Suffolk County, which included Uxbridge, were split off to become part of Worcester County. In 1793, most of the original Suffolk County (including Milton) except for Boston, Chelsea, Hingham, and Hull (which remained in Suffolk) split off and became Norfolk County. Hingham and Hull would leave Suffolk County and join Plymouth County in 1803.〔http://www.norfolkcounty.org/index.cfm?pid=10429〕 Revere was set off from Chelsea and incorporated in 1846 and Winthrop was set off from Revere and incorporated in 1852. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Boston annexed several adjacent cities and towns including Hyde Park, Roxbury, West Roxbury, and Dorchester from Norfolk County and Charlestown and Brighton from Middlesex County, resulting in an enlargement of Suffolk County.
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