Succasunna-Kenvil is an unincorporated community and former census designated place (CDP) located within Roxbury Township, in Morris County, New Jersey, United States.〔(Locality Search ), State of New Jersey. Accessed April 19, 2015.〕 As of the 2000 United States Census, the CDP's population was 12,569.〔 For the 2010 Census, the area was split into two CDPs, Succasunna (with a 2010 census population of 9,152〔(DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Succasunna CDP, New Jersey ), United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.〕) and Kenvil (3,009 as of 2010〔(DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Kenvil CDP, New Jersey ), United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.〕).〔(New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32) ), p. III-4. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed December 23, 2012. "New CDPs: Kenvil (formed from part of deleted Succasunna-Kenvil CDP) and Succasunna (formed from part of deleted Succasunna-Kenvil CDP); Deleted CDPs: Succasunna-Kenvil (split to form Kenvil and Succasunna CDPs)."〕
The name of Succasunna comes from the Lenni-Lenape Native American word for "Black Rock", most likely due to the rich iron-ore deposits in the area. The community was established circa 1740.
The Morris Canal, although not in use today, was an important transportation link in the iron industry around Succasunna, carrying coal to iron-ore producing areas all over northern New Jersey. The canal was abandoned in 1924 and largely dismantled.
The Hercules Powder Company in Kenvil has had explosions in 1934, killing 6 people; in 1940, killing 51 people; and in 1989, shattering windows across town.
Succasunna is the site of the world's first electronic switching public telephone exchange. Western Electric Model ESS-1 Serial Number 1 New Jersey Bell Telephone 584 exchange went live on May 30, 1965. A commemorative plaque on the wall of the central office building notes this historic event.
U.S. Route 46 and Route 10 pass through the area. The Morristown and Erie Railway runs rail freight service through the area 2-5 times per week on both its High Bridge Branch and Chester Branch.
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