| ・ Staveley F.C.|
・ Staveley Fell
・ Staveley Mill Yard
・ Staunton State Park
・ Staunton Street
・ Staunton Township
・ Staunton Township, Macoupin County, Illinois
・ Staunton Township, Miami County, Ohio
・ Staunton Way
・ Staunton, Gloucestershire
・ Staunton, Illinois
・ Staunton, Indiana
・ Staunton, near Coleford, Gloucestershire
・ Staunton, near Gloucester, Gloucestershire
・ Staunton, Ontario
・ Staunton, Virginia
・ Stauntonia latifolia
・ Staunton–Morphy controversy
・ Staunton–Waynesboro metropolitan area
・ Staur Farm
・ Staurakios (eunuch)
・ Staurakios Platys
・ Stauren Peak
| Staunton, Virginia ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Staunton ( ) is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,746.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/51/51790.html )〕 It is the county seat of surrounding Augusta County,〔(【引用サイトリンク】accessdate=2011-06-07 )〕 although the two are separate jurisdictions.
Staunton is a principal city of the Staunton-Waynesboro Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2010 population of 118,502.
Staunton is known for being the birthplace of Woodrow Wilson, the 28th U.S. president, and the home of Mary Baldwin College, historically a women's college. The city is also home to Stuart Hall, a private co-ed preparatory school, as well as the Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind.
The area was first settled in 1732 by John Lewis and family. In 1736, William Beverley, a wealthy planter and merchant from Essex County, was granted by the Crown over 118,000 acres (478 km²) in what would become Augusta County. Surveyor Thomas Lewis in 1746 laid out the first town plat for Beverley of what was originally called Beverley's Mill Place. Founded in 1747, it was renamed in honor of Lady Rebecca Staunton, wife to Royal Lieutenant-Governor Sir William Gooch. Because the town was located at the geographical center of the colony (which then included West Virginia), Staunton served between 1738 and 1771 as regional capital for what was known as the Northwest Territory, with the westernmost courthouse in British North America prior to the Revolution. By 1760, Staunton was one of the major "remote trading centers in the backcountry" which coordinated the transportation of the vast amounts of grain and tobacco then being produced in response to the change of Britain from a net exporter of produce to an importer. Staunton thus played a crucial role in the mid 18th century expansion of the economies of the American Colonies which, in turn, contributed to the success of the American Revolution. It served as capital of Virginia in June 1781, when state legislators fled Richmond and then Charlottesville to avoid capture by the British.
Slaves were held in Staunton. For instance, in 1815, a slave named Henry ran away from John G. Wright's Staunton plantation. Wright later placed an ad in the Daily National Intelligencer in Washington, D.C. seeking Henry's return. This ad is notable in its genre for the fact that it notes that Henry was an excellent cook and was widely travelled, having been to the West Indies.〔(【引用サイトリンク】 Wanted: Experienced Cook, World Traveler, Runaway Slave )〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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