Souk Ahras (Berber: Suq Ahras or Tagast; ancient name: Thagast; (アラビア語:سوق أهراس)) is a municipality in Algeria. It is the capital of Souk Ahras Province. The Numidian city of Thagaste (or Tagaste), on whose ruins Souk Ahras was built, was the birthplace of Augustine of Hippo and a center of Berber culture.〔"A Berber, born in 354 at Thagaste (now Souk-Ahras) in Africa...", Fernand Braudel, ''A history of civilizations (1963)'', Penguin Books, 1995, p.335〕〔"...he grew up in an area which was a center of Berber culture.", Augustinian studies, Volumes 7–8, Villanova University Press, 1976, p.134〕 It was a city of great culture, described as the very hub of civilization.
The name derives from the Arabic word "souk" which means ''market'', and the Chaoui Berber word ''ahra'' (plural ''ahras'') which means lion, in reference to the Barbary lions which existed in the neighboring forests until their extinction in 1930; hence ''Souk Ahras'' means ''market of lions'' (see also Oran (''Wahran'') and Tahert for names with a related etymology).
Number of ''Wild'' animals killed in Souk Ahras between 1877 and 1892
Source : Dr.Rouquette, Monographie de la commune Mixte de Souk Ahras, 1904, p. 274
The old name of the Numidian city of Thagaste, derives from the Berber Thagoust, which means ''the bag'', given that the site of the town is located at the foot of a mountain surrounded by three peaks in the form of a bag containing the city. Subsequently, when the Arabic language entered in the region it was called ''Soukara''. In other sources it is cited as the Palace of the African, according to Al-Masudi.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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