| Singer-songwriter ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Singer-songwriters are musicians who write, compose, and perform their own musical material including lyrics and melodies. As opposed to contemporary pop music singers who may write or co-write their own songs, the term singer-songwriter describes a distinct form of artistry, closely associated with the folk-acoustic tradition. Singer-songwriters often provide the sole accompaniment to an entire composition or song, typically using a guitar or piano; both the compositions and the arrangements are written primarily as solo vehicles, with the material angled toward topical issues—sometimes political, sometimes introspective, sensitive, romantic, and confessional.〔
Often, the songs written by these musicians serve not only as entertainment, but also as tools for political protest, as in the cases of the Almanac Singers, Pete Seeger and Woody Guthrie, whose guitar was inscribed with the words, "This machine kills fascists".
== Definition and usage ==
"Singer-songwriter" is used to define popular music artists who write and perform their own material, which is often self-accompanied generally on acoustic guitar or piano.〔 Such an artist performs the roles of composer, lyricist, vocalist, instrumentalist, and often self-manager. Singer-songwriters' lyrics are personal, but veiled by elaborate metaphors and vague imagery, and their creative concern was to place emphasis on the song rather than their performance of it. Most records by such artists have a similarly straightforward and spare sound that placed emphasis on the song itself.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Singer/Songwriter )〕
The term has usually, but not exclusively, been used to refer to certain performers in rock, folk, and pop music genres, although throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, artists from a number of genres applied to this category, including Henry Russell, Aristide Bruant, Hank Williams, and Buddy Holly. However, it came into popular usage from the 1960s onwards to refer to a specific type of performers who followed particular stylistic and thematic conventions, particularly lyrical introspection, confessional songwriting, mild musical arrangements, and an understated performing style. According to writer Larry David Smith, because it merged the roles of composer, writer, and singer, the popularity of the singer-songwriter reintroduced the Medieval troubadour tradition of "songs with public personalities" after the Tin Pan Alley era in American popular music.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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