Sincelejo ((:sinseˈlexo)) is the capital and the largest city in the Colombian department of Sucre. It is also the main city in the denominated ''Región Sabanas'' (Savannas Region), a subdivision of the Caribbean Region of Colombia, and the 23rd biggest city by population in Colombia.〔http://www.dane.gov.co Censo 2005 Dane〕 The city is located 30 kilometers away from the Caribbean Sea by the Gulf of Morrosquillo; 125 kilometers away from Cartagena and 200 kilometers from Barranquilla.
== History ==
The land comprising the municipality of Sincelejo was inhabited in the prehispanic age by several groups of indigenous people, possibly speaking languages of the Chibchan language family, known as the Zenú.
Sincelejo was founded on October 4, 1535, with the name of San Francisco de Asís de Sincelejo, the saint day of Francis of Assis. It was located on the site of a small Zenú indigenous settlement. The village used to be a part of Alonso Padilla's ''encomienda'' between 1610 and 1640. In those times the native indigenous people from that region were overpowered and exploited by the Spanish colonizers or encomenderos.
On November 21, 1775 Sincelejo was refounded by the Spanish captain and engineer, Antonio de la Torre y Miranda following the orders from Cartagena's governor Juan de Torrezar Díaz Pimienta. The building of the town started with a church and the lands around it was given to people who used to live spread all over the region in order to consolidate a religious and political center in the zone. Sincelejo was supposed to follow the classical Spanish colonial grid with the main church and its square in the center, but it was not possible because of the several creeks that break through the town.
It is still unknown where the name "Sincelejo" comes from, some historians claim the name to be indigenous, coming from an indigenous word Sinçel or Çincel, but another theory states that the name is Spanish and that Sincelejo was named after Francisco de Sincelejo, but there are not historical records that confirm the existence of a man with that name.
In 1812, Sincelejo became shelter for the revolutionary priests in ''La Rebelión de los Curas'' (Priests' Insurrection) held back the same year. In 1887 Sincelejo became one of the head towns in the Province of Cartagena. In 1908 it became the capital of the department of Sincelejo, which had a short-lived period, becoming part of the Province of Cartagena again in 1910. In 1912, Sincelejo almost disappears because of a huge conflagration, which took down the most of the central zone, nevertheless the town was rebuilt, having a particular architecture belonging to that age, mostly in the center zone of the town. In 1966 with the creation of the Sucre Department, Sincelejo became the capital of this department.
On January 20, 1980 the Corralejas stadium collapse occurred when an arena collapsed, killing at least 200 people.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』