Shanghai Municipal Police
| Shanghai Municipal Police ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Shanghai Municipal Police (SMP; Chinese: 上海公共租界巡捕房) was the police force of the Shanghai Municipal Council which governed the Shanghai International Settlement between 1854 and 1943, when the settlement was retroceded to Chinese control.
Initially composed of Europeans, most of them Britons, the force included Chinese after 1864, and was expanded over the next 90 years to include a Sikh Branch (established 1884), a Japanese contingent (from 1916), and a volunteer part-time special police (from 1918). In 1941 it acquired a Russian Auxiliary Detachment (formerly the Russian Regiment of the Shanghai Volunteer Corps).
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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