| Shanghai Metro ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Shanghai Metro is a rapid transit system in Shanghai, China, operating urban and suburban rail transit services to 14 of its 17 municipal districts (except Fengxian, Jinshan and Chongming) and to Huaqiao Township, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. Opening in 1993 with full-scale construction extending back to 1986, Shanghai Metro is the third oldest rapid transit system in mainland China, after the Beijing Subway and the Tianjin Metro. It has seen substantial growth over the decades, especially during the years leading up to the 2010 Shanghai World Expo, and is still expanding. It is the largest component of the notional Shanghai metropolitan rail transit network, together with the Shanghai Maglev Train, the Zhangjiang Tram and the China Railway-operated commuter rail services to Jinshan and to Lingang New City in Pudong.
Currently, the Shanghai Metro system is the world's largest rapid transit system by route length〔http://www.citymetric.com/transport/which-city-has-longest-metro-system-1359〕〔https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNCaK4d0GA0〕 and second largest by number of stations, with 14 lines〔 and 337 stations totaling .〔〔 It also ranks second in the world by annual ridership after Beijing, with 2.5 billion rides delivered in 2013.〔 The newest daily ridership record was set at 10.343 million on September 25, 2015,〔 while over 8 million people use the system on an average weekday.
On 16 October 2013, with the extension of Line 11 into Kunshan, Jiangsu province, Shanghai Metro became the first rapid transit system in China to provide cross-provincial service. Further plans to connect the Shanghai Metro with the metro systems of Suzhou and Wuxi are under active review.
==Lines and services==
Lines and services are denoted numerically as well as by characteristic colors, which are used as a visual aid for better distinction on station signage and on the exterior of trains, in the form of a colored block or belt.
Unlike in other systems such as the New York City Subway, most tracks in the Shanghai Metro system are served by a single service; thus "Line X" usually refers both to the physical line and its service. The only exception is the segment shared by Line 3 and the loop Line 4, between Hongqiao Road and Baoshan Road, where both services use the same tracks and platforms. Otherwise, transfers between intersecting lines are possible through in-station connecting passageways.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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