Shanghai Changning Children's Palace
| Shanghai Changning Children's Palace ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Shanghai Changning Children's Palace () is located at Number 31, Lane 1136, Yuyuan Rd in the Changning District of Shanghai, China. It was originally built for Wang Boqun, former Minister of Communications, including transportation, post, bank, and education, for the Guomindang. The large 40-room mansion was built from 1932-1934 in the Victorian Gothic style. The house is currently used as a community children's center for art, music, and dance classes.〔http://hua.umf.maine.edu/China/p_Shanghai_Bund_history/0269827wChildrenPalace_Shanghai.html〕
The house was built by Wang Boqun for his new bride, Bao Zhining, to celebrate their marriage on June 18, 1931. He was the 46-year-old Kuomintang Minister of Transportation, the President of Great China University, and held the position of Guizhou representative to the Nationalist Parliament.〔http://www.idealshanghai.com/venues/2368/〕 Zhining was a 22-year-old honors graduate with a degree in social sciences from Great China University. They decided to build their new home in Shanghai so Boqun could continue to work full-time as President at the much-expanded Great China University after his retirement from his cabinet post in Nanjing. In early 1932, construction on the house began on no. 31, Lane 1136, Yuyuan Road, in the French quarters of Shanghai. The house was designed by a Shanghai architect, Lui Yingshi. The main building consisted of three floors, for a total of 21,500 square feet.
From 1941-44, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the house was used by the head of Japan's puppet government, Wang Jingwei. After the war, it became a Kuomintang prison and was used as an execution ground for Communist revolutionaries. In 1947, Bao Zhining, widowed in 1944, returned to Shanghai and rented the house to the British Embassy for use as its Shanghai Consulate General and British Information offices. From 1949-1960, the house was used for government offices, after which it was turned into the Children's Palace.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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