Shang Tsung is a fictional boss and player character from the ''Mortal Kombat'' series. A powerful evil sorcerer, he is a demonic shapeshifter who absorbs the living souls of those he defeats in order to maintain his youth and power and is able to change his appearance, including by morphing into other characters while retaining their abilities and movesets in-game. Shang Tsung is usually portrayed as the right-hand man of series archvillain Shao Kahn and the main rival and archenemy of the series' early protagonist, Liu Kang.
Shang Tsung debuted as the main antagonist of the original ''Mortal Kombat'', serving as the in-game tournament's grandmaster and the game's boss. He has since appeared in several games and other media spawned from the franchise, and was received positively by game critics.
Shang Tsung (originally named "Shang Lao") was based on the Chinese sorcerer Lo Pan from the film ''Big Trouble in Little China''. A character named "Kitsune", which was later developed into Kitana, "was going to fit into the story as Shang Lao’s (Tsung) princess daughter - the spoil of victory for winning the tournament", who would betray her father after she fell for Liu Kang.〔(John Tobias (therealsaibot) on Twitter ) (a series of posts on September 7, 2011)〕 ''Mortal Kombat'' art director Herman Sanchez said that as the series progressed he decided to emphasize Tsung's air of "sinister regality."〔Shang Tsung Bio Card video in ''MK: Armageddon''.〕
Shang Tsung's design varies throughout the series. The initial history of the character was explained in the 1992 Midway-produced comic book based on the original ''MK'' game, in which he was the first-ever Mortal Kombat (then the Shaolin Tournament) champion over 500 years ago from the date of the then-current tournament depicted in the actual game, yet he was stricken with a curse that forced him to consume the souls of his defeated opponents in order to keep his youth. The book cited his "failure to appease the gods" as the reason for his premature aging to a withered old man, but he was noticeably younger in ''Mortal Kombat II'', in which Shao Kahn had restored Shang Tsung's youth and powers as part of his plan to take over Earthrealm by luring Liu Kang and his fellow Earth warriors into Outworld for the next MK tournament.
According to ''GamePro'' magazine in 1993, the ''MKII'' version of Shang Tsung was nineteen years old, and an article about the game also included a rough sketch by ''Mortal Kombat'' co-creator John Tobias of Tsung's "true form," a twisted demon, which has never actually appeared in the video games. Tobias wanted Shang Tsung's long hair to hang loose in ''Mortal Kombat 3'', but potential problems with it flopping about whenever he jumped resulted in it being tied back into a ponytail.
Responding to player queries about how Shang Tsung's last name is pronounced, Acclaim Entertainment stated in 1994 that there is no one definitively correct way of pronouncing the character's name.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』