Shang Qu (; born 522 BC), courtesy name Zimu (), was a disciple of Confucius. He studied the ''I Ching'' from Confucius, and is credited with the preservation and transmission of the classic.
Shang Qu was born in 522 BC, 29 years younger than Confucius. He was born in the State of Lu, Confucius' native state. According to the ''Shiben'' (世本), he was a descendant of the Shang dynasty nobility, hence his surname Shang.〔
According to the ''Records of the Grand Historian'' (''Shiji''), Shang Qu was responsible for the preservation of the ''I Ching'', which he received from Confucius. The ''Shiji'' records the transmission of the ''I Ching'', step by step, from Shang Qu to his disciple Han Bi (馯臂), down to Yang He (杨何) of the Han dynasty. Yang He served as an official in the court of Emperor Wu of Han (reigned 156–87 BC) because of his knowledge of the ''I Ching''.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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