Seaton Carew is a small seaside resort within the Borough of Hartlepool, in North East England with a population of 6,018 (2001).
Historically part of County Durham, it is situated on the North Sea coast between the town of Hartlepool and the mouth of the River Tees.
The area is named after a Norman French family called Carou who owned lands in the area and settled there,
while 'Seaton' means farmstead or settlement by the sea.
== History ==
There is evidence that the area was occupied in Roman times as vestiges of Roman buildings, coins and artefacts are occasionally found on the beach.
Later during the reign of Henry I, Seaton came into the possession of Robert De Carrowe and the settlement changed its name to Seaton Carrowe.
In medieval times salt was extracted from sea water by evaporation and ash from the fuel used to remove the water was dumped on North Gare and now forms a series of grass covered mounds on the golf course.〔(【引用サイトリンク】work=Natural England )〕
A Gilbertine priory or cell to Sempringham Priory was established in the Seaton area although so far no trace has been found.〔〔
In 1667 a gun fortification was built on the promontory of Seaton Snook to defend the mouth of the Tees particularly against the Dutch—remnants of these fortifications can be seen today.〔〔〔
Seaton Carew was a fishing village but grew in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries as a seaside holiday resort for wealthy Quaker families from Darlington〔
effectively founding Seaton Carew as a seaside resort.
Many stayed at the rows of stucco houses and hotels built along the seafront and around The Green—a modestly handsome turfed square facing the sea.
The Quakers had been going since the sixteenth century arriving by horse and carriage, or stagecoach and latterly by railway for the miles of golden sands and sea bathing.〔
In 1867 a hoard of Spanish silver dollars was revealed in the sands following a heavy storm.
In 1874 the Durham and Yorkshire Golf Club (now Seaton Carew Golf Club) was founded by Duncan McCuaig, with a 14 hole course on coastal land to the south-east of Seaton Carew.
Four holes were added in 1891 and in 1925 further work was carried out with the guidance of renowned golf course designer Alister MacKenzie.〔
In 1882 Seaton Carew was incorporated into West Hartlepool
and the Museum of Hartlepool records that a small riot involving Irish labourers took place in the late Victorian era, when townsfolk mistook them for Fenian agitators.
Just north of Seaton was the works of the West Hartlepool Steel & Iron Company. In 1898 Christopher Furness and W.C. Gray of West Hartlepool purchased the Stockton Malleable Iron Works, the Moor Steel and Iron Works, and the West Hartlepool Steel and Iron Works to form the South Durham Steel and Iron Company. This became part of the British Steel Corporation in 1967.〔(【引用サイトリンク】work=Durham Mining Museum )〕
The West Hartlepool Steel and Iron Works is thought to have closed in 1979.〔(【引用サイトリンク】work=SINE Project )〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』