Seal script () is an ancient style of Chinese calligraphy. It evolved organically out of the Zhou dynasty script, arising in the Warring State of Qin. The Qin variant of seal script became the standard and was adopted as the formal script for all of China in the Qin dynasty, and was still widely used for decorative engraving and seals (name chops, or signets) in the Han dynasty. The literal translation of its Chinese name 篆書 (zhuànshū) is ''decorative engraving script'', because by the time this name was coined in the Han dynasty, its role had been reduced to ceremonial inscriptions rather than as a standardized script.
== Large seal scripts ==
There are two uses of the word seal script, the Large or Great Seal script (大篆 Dàzhuàn; Japanese ''daiten''; Korean ''daejeon'') and the lesser or Small Seal Script (小篆 Xiǎozhuàn; Japanese ''shōten''; Korean ''sojeon''), the latter is also called simply ''seal script''. The Large Seal script was originally a later, vague Han dynasty reference to writing of the Qin system similar to but earlier than Small Seal. It has also been used to refer to Western Zhou forms or even oracle bones as well. Since the term is an imprecise one, not clearly referring to any specific historical script and not used with any consensus in meaning, modern scholars tend to avoid it, and when referring to ''seal'' script, generally mean the (small) seal script of the Qin system, that is, the lineage which evolved in the state of Qin during the Spring and Autumn〔Qiu 2000, p. 60.〕 to Warring States periods and which was standardized under the First Emperor.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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