| Sanday, Orkney ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Sanday is one of the inhabited islands of Orkney that lies off the north coast of mainland Scotland. With an area of ,〔 it is the third largest of the Orkney Islands.〔Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 334〕 The main centres of population are Lady Village and Kettletoft. Sanday can be reached by Orkney Ferries or plane from Kirkwall on the Orkney Mainland. Cultural activities revolve around the school.
The Picts were the pre-Norse inhabitants of Sanday but very few placenames remain from this period.〔Waugh, Doreen "Orkney Place-names" in Omand (2003) p. 115〕 The Norse named the island ''Sandey''〔 or ''Sand-øy''〔 because of the predominance of sandy beaches and this became "Sanday" during the Scots and English speaking periods. The similarly named Sandoy is in the Faroe Islands.
Many places and natural features derive from Old Norse. According to Dorward (1995), the placename Kettletoft means "Kettil's croft"〔Dorward (1995) p. 42〕 although "toft" in this context may mean ""abandoned site of house" from the Norse ''topt''.〔("Orkney Placenames: Houses, Farms and Building" ) Orkneyjar. Retrieved 15 November 2014.〕 The suffix -bister found in Sellibister and Overbister is from ''bólstaðr'' meaning "dwelling" or "farm".〔 Other common suffixes are -ness and -wick from the Norse ''vik'' and ''nes'' and meaning "bay" and "headland" respectively.〔("Orkney Placenames: Natural Elements" ). Orkneyjar. Retrieved 15 November 2014.〕 According to Frances Groome, Otterswick was originally known as ''Odinswic''.〔Groome, Frances (1882-84) ''Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland'' quoted by (Vision of Britain: Otterswick Orkney ). Retrieved 18 November 2014.〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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