Salvatore Maceo, also known as Sam Maceo, was a businessman, community leader, and organized crime boss in Galveston, Texas in the United States. Because of his efforts, Galveston Island became a nationally known resort town during the early and mid 20th century, a period known as Galveston's ''Open Era''. He and his brother, both Sicilian immigrants, owned numerous restaurant and casino venues including the now-vanished Hollywood Dinner Club and the Balinese Room. Sometimes known as the "Velvet Glove," Sam's smooth style and ability to influence people were legendary. He was able to wield influence comparable to an elected official and he held relationships with celebrities and politicians throughout Texas and the United States. During his lifetime he and his island home were known nationwide.
The culture and economy Sam and the Maceo syndicate helped create on the island engendered the nickname "Free State of Galveston." He was also involved in the development of the Las Vegas Strip during the late 1940s, particularly the establishment of the Desert Inn.
Salvatore Maceo was born in Palermo, Sicily to Vito Maceo and Angelina Sansone in 1894.〔 In 1901 the Maceo family immigrated to Leesville, Louisiana in the United States.〔McComb (1998), pg. 135〕 He trained as a barber and moved to Galveston in 1910, shortly before World War I, to start a business with his brother Rosario (Rose) Maceo.〔McComb (1986), pg. 161〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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