The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (Khmer: , ''Kangtorp Yuthipol Khemarak Phumin'') (RCAF) is the national military forces of Cambodia. The Supreme Commander-in-Chief is HM King Norodom Sihamoni, General Pol Saroeun is the Commander in Chief of the RCAF, which consists of the Army, Navy, Air Force and the Gendarmerie.
The armed forces currently operate under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of National Defence. Under the constitution the RCAF is in charged of protecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom of Cambodia from external threats.
The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces consists of three branches:
* Royal Cambodian Army
* Special Forces
* Royal Cambodian Navy
* Royal Cambodian Air Force
* Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia
The RCAF was created in 1993 by a merger of the Cambodian People's Armed Forces and the two non communist resistance armies. At the time, there were also resistance forces opposing the Government, consisting of the Khmer Rouge and a separate royalist resistance movement (also known as the National United Army or NUA). The forerunner of the Cambodian Armed Forces is the Division 125. It was established in 1978 by Hun Sen (now is Prime Minister) and the Vietnam People's Army's support.〔http://www.tuoitrenews.vn/cmlink/tuoitrenews/politics/memorial-symbolises-vietnam-cambodia-ties-1.57111〕〔http://news.gov.vn/Home/National-historical-relic-inaugurated-in-Dong-Nai/20121/12901.vgp〕
The Royal Cambodian Army is the largest force with troops stationed in each province of the country. The Royal Cambodian Navy is the second largest force and operates at sea, along the Mekong and Bassac rivers and in the Tonle Sap Lake. The military police force numbers 10,000 employees and runs parallel to the civilian police force.
The military police have posts in every province and municipality across the country. The Royal Cambodian Air Force is the smallest of the military forces and has 5,000 members. The Air Force operates in every province which has an airport.〔Ian Ramage, Strong Fighting: Sexual Behavior and HIV/AIDS in the Cambodian Uniformed Services, 2002〕
==Strength and demobilisation==
In 2002, Prince Sisowath Sirirath, then Co-Minister of Defence, stated that the total Cambodian military strength stood around 120,000 persons.〔Cambodia Daily 3 September 2001〕 Since the end of fighting and the surrender of the last of the Khmer Rouge, the Cambodian military has been undergoing substantial changes as it shifts to a peacetime force.
Since 1999, the government has been working to demobilise large numbers of servicemen with support from the World Bank. Demobilisation efforts began in February 2000 and the first 10,000 soldiers were demobilised in a pilot project later that year. In 2001, the first phase of demobilisation got under way and 20,000 soldiers returned to civilian life in large ceremonies around the country. A second phase of demobilisation was planned for 2003 where an additional 30,000 servicemen would leave the armed forces. However, the process has been stalled by allegations of corruption and procurement irregularities.〔
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
■ウィキペディアで「Royal Cambodian Armed Forces」の詳細全文を読む