| Rifleman Khan ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Rifleman Khan was an Alsatian dog who was lent to the War Office to become a military dog during World War II. He was assigned to the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) and took part in the Battle of the Scheldt. He earned the Dickin Medal, which is considered to be the Victoria Cross for animals.
Khan, an Alsatian (also known as a German Shepherd Dog), was lent to the War Office by the Railton family from Tolworth, Surrey in the summer of 1942. He had simply been their family pet. Considered a "star pupil" by officers at the War Dog Training School, he went on to be assigned to the sixth battalion of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). Lance Corporal James Muldoon became his handler.〔
In November 1944 the battalion was part of the Allied force sent to attack the island of Walcheren in the Netherlands, as part of the Battle of the Scheldt. The island was of strategic importance and needed to be taken in order for the invasion of Germany to take place. Khan and Muldoon were in an assault craft approaching the island by sea when a spotlight came upon them and the boat came under heavy fire. The boat capsized, sending the soldiers into the water. Khan swam to shore and began to look for Muldoon, who could not swim. While still under heavy shelling, Khan swam the back to Muldoon and pulled him from the water onto the shore. He continued to pull his handler past the muddy shoreline and up onto solid ground, before collapsing next to him.〔
Khan was awarded the Dickin Medal (considered to be the Victoria Cross for animals) for bravery on 27 March 1945.〔(【引用サイトリンク】 Dickin Medal dogs )〕 His citation read "For rescuing L/Cpl. Muldoon from drowning under heavy shell fire at the assault of Walcheren, November 1944, while serving with the 6th Cameronians (SR)."〔 Following the war, Khan and Muldoon were reunited at a war dogs parade at Wembley Stadium. The Dickin Medal is often referred to as the animal metaphorical equivalent of the Victoria Cross.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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