Richard Morgan "Ric" Fliehr (born February 25, 1949) is an American professional wrestler currently signed to the WWE under a legends appearance contract. He is better known by his ring name Ric Flair. Also known as "The Nature Boy," Flair is considered to be one of the greatest professional wrestlers of all time with a career that spans over 40 years.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Ric Flair Pro Wrestling Living Legend Media Man Australia )〕 He is noted for his lengthy and highly decorated tenures with the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA), World Championship Wrestling (WCW), the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, later WWE), and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA).
Flair is officially recognized by WWE, TNA, and ''Pro Wrestling Illustrated'' as a 16-time world champion (eight-time NWA World Heavyweight Champion, six-time WCW World Heavyweight Champion, and two-time WWF Champion).〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.wwe.com/superstars/halloffame/inductees/ricflair/titlehistory )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.pwi-online.com/pages/pwiuarchivejuly06.html )〕 The actual number of his world championship reigns varies by source, ranging from 16 to 25 titles.〔
In WCW, he also had two stints as a booker—in 1989–1990 and 1994.〔Foley, Mick. Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks (p.160)〕 In 2012, Flair became the first ever two-time inductee in the WWE Hall of Fame, first inducted in 2008 for his individual career and for a second time in 2012 as a member of the Four Horsemen. He is also an NWA Hall of Famer (class of 2008). Flair's hairstyles and mannerisms were inspired by Buddy Rogers, who previously used the "Nature Boy" gimmick in the 1950s and 1960s.
Flair was the first WCW World Heavyweight Champion, having been awarded the title following WCW's secession from the NWA in 1991. With that, he also became the first WCW Triple Crown Champion upon being awarded the title, having already held the United States and World Tag Team titles. In 2005, he completed WWE's version of the Triple Crown when he won the Intercontinental Championship, after already holding the WWF Championship, as well as the World Tag Team Championship. Using the officially recognized totals (by WWE, TNA and PWI) of 16 world championships and six U.S. Championship reigns, Flair has won a total of 31 different major championships between the NWA, WCW, and WWE, with numerous regional titles also to his credit. A major pay-per-view attraction throughout his career, he has main-evented WWE's premier annual event, WrestleMania, and participated in the closing singles match of the NWA/WCW equivalent, Starrcade, on nine occasions.〔See WrestleMania VIII, and Starrcade 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993 and 1995.〕
== Early life ==
Richard Fliehr was born on February 25, 1949 in Memphis, Tennessee.〔 In the opening chapter of his autobiography ''To Be the Man'', he notes that his birth name is given on different documents as Fred. He was adopted by German American parents. At the time of his adoption (arranged by the Tennessee Children's Home Society, later shut down for adoption fraud; the opening chapter of his autobiography is titled "Black Market Baby"), his father was completing a residency in Detroit. Shortly afterward, the family settled in Edina, Minnesota, where the young Fliehr lived throughout his childhood. After grade 9, he attended Wayland Academy, a coeducational boarding school in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, for four years (five years total in high school) during which time he participated in interscholastic wrestling, football and track.
As a teen, Fliehr took a summer job as a lifeguard at a local pool in Minnesota. He received his first exposure to the wrestling business when he met the Vachon brothers. In both 1966 and 1968, Fliehr won the state private school wrestling championship and was recruited to the University of Minnesota on a football scholarship, where he played alongside Greg Gagne, the son of Verne Gagne. He dropped out of college without receiving his degree. He then worked as a bouncer at a nearby club, where he met Olympic weightlifter Ken Patera, who was preparing for a ring career at Verne Gagne's wrestling school. Patera introduced Flair to Verne Gagne, who agreed to take him on as a member of his training class.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』