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Public Utilities Board : ウィキペディア英語版
Public Utilities Board

The Public Utilities Board (PUB) is the statutory board of the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources responsible for ensuring a sustainable and efficient water supply. The PUB regulates and oversees Singapore’s entire water supply system which comprises the water catchment systems, drainage systems, water reclamation plants and sewage systems.
The nation demand for water is currently about 400 million gallons a day, with homes and non-domestic sectors consumption forming 45% and 55% of the demand respectively. This demand is expected to double by 2060. PUB is set to meet 80% of this demand through its NEWater and desalination technologies.
The PUB’s watershed management and treatment processes has ensured a continuous supply of clean and quality water for Singaporeans over the last four decades. Singapore’s clean and drinkable tap water fits the drinking water standards set by the World Health Organisation and is widely available everywhere across the island. Singapore is named the top Asian city in water sustainability development in 2015, with the nation boasting the highest drinking water and sanitation standards in the region.
==History==
The Public Utilities Board (PUB) is the statutory board of the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources responsible for acquiring, producing, disseminating and reclaiming water to ensure a sustainable and efficient water supply for Singapore. It is also known as the National Water Agency.

The idea of a Public Utilities Board was first introduced in 1961 when industrialisation was driving up the country’s demand for power. However, it was only until 1 May 1963 that the statutory board came into force. Fong Kim Heng was the first chairperson of the PUB.

Prior to its reconstitution as the National Water Agency in 2001, the PUB was previously under the Ministry of Trade and Industry where it facilitated the supply of electricity, water and gas in Singapore. Today, the PUB is solely in charge of water supplies with the management and control of electricity and gas transferred to the Energy Market Authority (EMA).

In 2003 and 2005, the PUB launched the NEWater project and the desalinated water treatment project respectively. This further diversifies the water supply in Singapore to four main sources: local catchment water, imported water, NEWater and desalinated water. They form the Four National Taps.

抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)
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