Professional sports league organization
| Professional sports league organization ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Professional sports leagues are organized in numerous ways. The two most significant types are one that developed in Europe, characterised by a tiered structure using promotion and relegation to determine participation in a hierarchy of leagues or divisions and a North American originated model characterized by its use of "franchises" and closed membership. Both these systems remain most common in their area of origin, although both systems are used worldwide.
The term league has many different meanings in different areas around the world, and its use for different concepts can make comparisons confusing. Usually a league is a group of teams that play each other during the season. It is also often used for the name of the governing body that oversees the league, as in America's Major League Baseball or England's Football League. Because most European soccer clubs participate in different competitions during a season, regular-season home-and-away games are often referred to as league games and the others as non-league games, even though the separate competitions may be organised by the same governing body. Also, there is a rugby football code called rugby league, as distinct from rugby union.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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