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Prime Minister of India (Hindi: भारत के प्रधानमंत्री ''Bhārat kē Pradhānmantrī''), as addressed in the Constitution of India, is the chief of government, chief adviser to the President of India, head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha. The prime minister leads the executive branch of the Government of India. The incumbent Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi from the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The Prime Minister is the senior member of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. The prime minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the Government; is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet. The resignation or death of the prime minister dissolves the cabinet.
The Union cabinet headed by prime minister is appointed by the president to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive. Union cabinet is collectively responsible to the House of the People as per Article 75(3). The Prime Minister shall always enjoy the confidence of Lok Sabha and shall resign if he/she is unable to prove majority when instructed by the President.
==Origins and history==
India follows a Parliamentary system in which the prime minister is the presiding, actual head of the government and chief of the executive branch. In such systems, the head of state or the head of state's official representative (i.e., the monarch, president, or governor general) usually holds a purely ceremonial position.
The Prime Minister shall become a member of parliament within six months of beginning his/her tenure, if he/she is not a member already. He/She is expected to work with other central ministers to ensure the passage of bills by the Parliament.
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