President Friedrich Ebert Memorial
| President Friedrich Ebert Memorial ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The President Friedrich Ebert Memorial (Reichspräsident-Friedrich-Ebert-Gedenkstätte) in Heidelberg commemorates the life and work of Friedrich Ebert, who was born in the house on 4 February 1871. From humble origins, he became a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and was finally elected as the first German democratic head of state in 1919. Faced with extreme internal and external pressures, he prepared the way for parliamentary democracy in Germany after the end of World War I. In these years he preserved national unity and made a vital contribution to the creation of a social and democratic republic.
== History ==
A small exhibition commemorating the life of Friedrich Ebert was first opened in his birthplace on 7 June 1962.〔Walter Mühlhausen: ''Zur Entstehungsgeschichte der Gedenkstätte'', in: Walter Mühlhausen (Hg.): ''Erinnern und Gedenken - 20 Jahre Reichspräsident-Friedrich-Ebert-Gedenkstätte'', Heidelberg 2009, p. 63-88.〕 Work on the project had started in 1960 at the instigation of Alfred Nau, an energetic member of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation. In the 1984 the city purchased some surrounding properties which made it possible to expand the exhibition space. A library and a record office, containing documents written by Ebert and some of his personal belongings, were added to the collection. In 2007, the Exhibition underwent a general refurbishment program.
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