The Combatant Status Review Tribunal the US Department of Defense commissioned, like the Tribunals described in Army Regulation 190-8, which they were modeled after, were three member panels, led by a Tribunal President.〔
==History of the Tribunals==
Initially United States President George W. Bush asserted that captives taken during the "Global War on Terror":
* Did not qualify for Prisoner of War status, as defined by the Geneva Conventions.
* Were not entitled to the protection of having a "competent tribunal" convened, where their combatant status would be openly reviewed.
This assertion was criticized by many legal scholars. And lawyers who volunteered to represent Guantanamo captives mounted legal challenges in the US Court system. The first legal challenge to be heard before the United States Supreme Court was Rasul v. Bush.
The Supreme Court addressed some aspects of the case. In particular, it ruled that the Guantanamo captives were entitled to an opportunity to hear, and challenge, the allegations the DoD felt justified their continued extrajudicial detention.
Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor wrote that the Department of Defense should convene Tribunals similar to those described in Army Regulation 190-8.
Army Regulation 190-8 sets out the procedure officers of the United States armed forces should follow to determine whether captives taken during a war where:
#lawful combatants, entitled to the protections of POW status.
#innocent civilian refugees, who should be released immediately.
#combatants who have acted in a manner that has stripped them of the protections of POW status.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』