Premier of British Columbia
| Premier of British Columbia ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Premier of British Columbia is the first minister, head of government, and ''de facto'' chief executive for the Canadian province of British Columbia. Until the early 1970s the title ''Prime Minister of British Columbia'' was often used. The word ''Premier'' is derived from the French word of the same spelling, meaning "first"; and ultimately from the Latin word ''primarius'', meaning "primary".〔Onions, C.T. ''Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology''. 1985.〕
The incumbent is Christy Clark who was sworn into office on March 14, 2011.
Although the Premier is the day-to-day leader of the provincial government, she receives the authority to govern from the Crown (represented in British Columbia by the Lieutenant Governor). Formally, in fact, the executive branch of government in British Columbia is said to be vested in the Lieutenant Governor acting by and with the advice of the Premier.
The political party that wins the largest number of seats in a general election is usually invited by the Lieutenant Governor to form the government. Its leader becomes the head of the provincial government and is known as the Premier.
The position of the Premier is not described in Canadian constitutional statutes. Instead, the position’s power and authority largely depend on her relationship with other Members of the Legislative Assembly, political party, and the public.
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