|coa_pic = Danghui.svg
|party1 = Communist Party of China
|leader1_type = Status
|leader1 = Highest body of the Central Committee between sessions
|leader2_type = General Secretary
|leader2 = Xi Jinping
|leader3_type = Members
|leader3 = Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, Zhang Gaoli
|leader5_type = Elected by
|leader5 = 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
|leader6 = Politburo of the Communist Party of China
|members = 5-9 historically;
The Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China, usually known as the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), is a committee consisting of the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. Historically it has been composed of five to nine members. The current PSC has seven members. Its officially mandated purpose is to conduct policy discussions and make decisions on major issues when the Politburo, a larger decision-making body, is not in session. According to the party's Constitution, the General Secretary of the Central Committee must also be a member of the Politburo Standing Committee.〔(Chapter III Central Organizations of the Party - Article 22 )〕
While the PSC in theory reports into the Politburo, which in turn reports into the larger Central Committee, in practice the PSC acts as the most powerful decision-making body in China, and its decisions ''de facto'' have the force of law. Its membership is closely watched by both the national media as well as political watchers abroad. Historically, the role of the PSC has varied and evolved. During the Cultural Revolution, for example, the PSC had little power.
The membership of the PSC is strictly ranked in protocol sequence. Historically, the General Secretary (or Party Chairman) has been ranked first; the rankings of other leaders have varied over time. Since the 1990s, the General Secretary, Premier, Chairman of the National People's Congress, the Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the party's top anti-graft body, and the first-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat have consistently also been members of the Politburo Standing Committee.〔 The portfolios of additional members varied.
The Politburo Standing Committee is technically responsible to the Politburo of the Communist Party of China. In Chinese political usage, a "Standing Committee" (常务委员会, ''Changwu Weiyuanhui'') simply refers to a body that carries out the day-to-day affairs of its parent organ, in this case, the Politburo. The Politburo, in turn, is a policy making body that is formally responsible to the larger Central Committee, which meets at plenary sessions usually once every year.
"Politburo Standing Committee" is the most commonly used name to refer to the body in English-language media. It is sometimes abbreviated PSC or PBSC (if "Politburo" is written as "Political Bureau"). It can also be referred to informally as simply the "Standing Committee". In its official English-language press releases, Chinese state media refers to the body by its lengthier, formal name, "The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee". In turn, its members are officially referred to as "Members of Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee". These official forms are rarely used by English-language newspapers outside of mainland China.
In official Chinese-language announcements, the most commonly used name for members of the body is ''Zhonggong Zhongyang Zhengzhiju Changwei'' (中共中央政治局常委); this is an abbreviation of the much lengthier official title of ''Zhongguo Gongchandang Zhongyang Zhengzhiju Changwu Weiyuanhui Weiyuan'' (中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会委员). As even the officially abbreviated terminology may still be too lengthy and unwieldy, some media outlets refer to PSC members as ''Zhengzhiju Changwei'' (政治局常委) or simply ''Changwei'' (常委). Do note that without any context, ''Changwei'' may still be an ambiguous term, as provincial and local party committees all have a Standing Committee, the members of this committee can also be known as ''Changwei''.
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