Pikeville ()〔 is a city in and the county seat of Pike County, Kentucky, United States.〔(【引用サイトリンク】accessdate=2011-06-07 )〕 During the 2010 U.S. Census, the population within Pikeville's city limits was 6,903.
In Kentucky's current city classification system, Pikeville is a "Home Rule Class" city, a category that includes all of the state's more than 400 cities except for the two largest, Louisville and Lexington.
On March 25, 1822, state officials decided to build a new county seat named "Liberty", below the mouth of the Russell Fork River. Public disapproval of the site led a new decision on December 24, 1823, to establish the county seat on land donated by local farmer Elijah Adkins.〔 This settlement was established as the town of Pike after the county in 1824.〔 This was changed in 1829 to Piketon〔 and the town was incorporated under that name in 1848.〔 In 1850, this was changed to the present Pikeville. Pikeville was host to a part of the Hatfield-McCoy feud, and patriarch Randall McCoy as well as his wife and daughter are buried on a hillside overlooking the town.〔Rennick, Robert. ''Kentucky Place Names'', (p. 233 ). University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987. Accessed 27 September 2013.〕〔"(Visit Pikeville )". Accessed 16 July 2009.〕〔City of Pikeville. "(Visitors )". Accessed 16 July 2009.〕
The National Civic League designated Pikeville as an All-American City in 1965.〔(Past Winners of All-American City Award ) National Civic League. Retrieved 2014-05-19.〕
From 1973 to 1987, the Pikeville Cut-Through was constructed immediately west of downtown. The massive rock cut is one of the largest civil engineering projects in the western hemisphere, moving nearly of soil and rock.〔Maddox, Connie. The Pikeville Cut-Through Project (brochure). Pikeville-Pike County Tourism. Retrieved on 2014-05-19〕 The project alleviated traffic congestion in downtown and eliminated flooding by rerouting the Levisa Fork River.
The city has been a center of rapid development in Eastern Kentucky since the 1990s. Pikeville College (now the University of Pikeville) opened the Kentucky College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1997.〔(History of Pikeville College School of Osteopathic Medicine ) Kentucky College of Osteopathic Medicine. Retrieved on 2014-05-20.〕 The university is currently planning to open its school of optometry, the first in Central Appalachia, in 2016.〔(UPIKE Announces Kentucky College of Optometry ) University of Pikeville. Retrieved 2014-05-20,〕 In October 2005, the 7,000 seat, multi-purpose Eastern Kentucky Exposition Center opened in downtown.〔(About ) Eastern Kentucky Exposition Center. Retrieved 2014-05-20.〕 Pikeville Medical Center has established itself as a regional healthcare center. In 2013, construction began on a shopping center known as Pikeville Commons. The first stores opened in the shopping center in October 2014. In 2014, a new 11-story clinic and a 10-story parking structure was completed at a cost of $150 million. The hospital has also become a member of the Mayo Clinic Care Network.
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