Municipalities of the Philippines
| Philippine municipality ： ウィキペディア英語版|
A municipality (; Kapampangan: ''balen; balayan''; Cebuano: ''lungsod''; Hiligaynon: ''banwa''; Bikol: ''banwaan''; Ilocano: ''Ili''; Waray: ''bungto'') is a local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines. Municipalities are also usually called ''towns''. They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit. Provinces of the Philippines are divided into cities and municipalities, which in turn, are divided into barangays, formerly barrios. , there are 1,490 municipalities across the country.
A municipal district is a now-defunct local government unit; previously certain areas were created first as municipal districts before they were converted into municipalities.
==Responsibilities and powers==
Municipalities have some autonomy from the National Government of the Republic of the Philippines under the Local Government Code of 1991. They have been granted corporate personality enabling them to enact local policies and laws, enforce them, and govern their jurisdictions. They can enter into contracts and other transactions through their elected and appointed officials and can tax. They are tasked with enforcing all laws, whether local or national. The National Government assists and supervises the local government to make sure that they do not violate national law. Local Governments have their own executive and legislative branches and the checks and balances between these two major branches, along with their separation, are more pronounced than that of the national government.〔http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1991/ra_7160_1991.html〕 The Judicial Branch of the Republic of the Philippines also caters to the needs of local government units. Local governments, such as a municipalities, do not have their own judicial branch: their judiciary is the same as that of the national government.
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