National Artist of the Philippines
| Philippine National Artist ： ウィキペディア英語版|
National Artists of the Philippines (Filipino: ''Pambansang Alagad ng Sining ng Pilipinas'') is an order bestowed by the Philippines on Filipinos who have made significant contributions to the development of Philippine art. Originally instituted as an Award, it was elevated to the status of Order in 2003.〔(Executive Order No. 236, s. 2003 ) Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 14 April 2013.〕
The Order is administered by the Cultural Center of the Philippines by virtue of President Ferdinand Marcos's Proclamation № 1001 of April 2, 1972 and the National Commission for Culture and the Arts. The first award was posthumously conferred on Filipino painter Fernando Amorsolo.
== Conferment ==
The Order is the highest state honor conferred on individuals deemed as having done much for their artistic field. Deserving individuals must have been recommended by both the Cultural Center and the National Commission on Culture and the Arts prior to receiving the award. Such people are then titled, by virtue of a Presidential Proclamation, as ''National Artist'' (Filipino: ''Gawad Pambansang Alagad ng Sining'', "National Servant of the Arts Award"), and are inducted into the Order.
Recipients attend a conferment ceremony at Malacañang Palace, where the President bestows on them the insignia of the Order: an ornate, gilt collar and a small pin, both depicting the Order's emblem. In addition to the collar, each new Member is given a citation that is presented during the conferment ceremony. The Cultural Center of the Philippines then presents a Memorabilia Exhibit of the recipients' works, and holds a ''Gabi ng Parangal'' (Night of Tributes) for the National Artists at the ''Tanghalang Pambansa''.
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