Parliament of India
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The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body in India. Parliament is composed of the President of India, the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The President in his role as head of legislature has full powers to summon and prorogue either house of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. However, in keeping with the Westminster system of government, the president can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers.
India's Parliament is bicameral; Rajya Sabha is the upper house and Lok Sabha is the lower house. The two houses meet in separate chambers of Sansad Bhavan, located on Sansad Marg (Parliament Street) in New Delhi. Those elected or nominated (by the President) to either house of Parliament are referred to as members of parliament or MPs. The MPs of Lok Sabha are directly elected by the Indian public and the MPs of Rajya Sabha are elected by the members of the State Legislative Assemblies, in accordance with proportional representation. The Parliament is composed of 790 MPs, who serve the largest democratic electorate in the world; 814.5 million Indians registered to vote in the 2014 general elections.
The Indian Parliament consists of two houses called the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha with the President of India acting as their head.
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