, established in 1999, is the holding company at the head of a Japanese corporate group that supplies statistics and information on music and the music industry in Japan. It started as , which was founded by Sōkō Koike in November 1967 and became known for its music charts.〔(【引用サイトリンク】 title=日本音楽スタジオ協会 )〕 Oricon Inc. was originally set up as a subsidiary of Original Confidence and took over the latter’s Oricon record charts in April 2002.
In 2006, Oricon sued journalist Hiro Ugaya when he was quoted in a ''Cyzo'' magazine article suggesting that Oricon was fiddling its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels, specifically Johnny and Associates. Ugaya condemned the lawsuit as an example of a strategic lawsuit against public participation (SLAPP) in Japan.〔(Libel suit attacks free speech: defendant ) The Japan Times Online〕 The charges were later dropped by Oricon after a 33-month battle that laid waste to the reporter's life. No charge was held against the journalist.
They are compiled using data drawn from some 39,700 retail outlets (as of April 2011) and provide sales rankings of music CDs, DVDs, electronic games, and other entertainment products based on weekly tabulations.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Policy of the Oricon Weekly Charts )〕 Results are announced every Tuesday and published in ''Oricon Style'' by subsidiary Oricon Entertainment Inc. The group also lists panel survey-based popularity ratings for television commercials on its official website.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title= Official Site of Oricon Charts )〕
Original Confidence Inc., the original Oricon company, was founded by the former Snow Brand Milk Products promoter Sōkō Koike in 1967. That November, the company began publishing a singles chart on an experimental:basis.
Entitled (it means "surveys of total entertainment markets"), this went official on January 4, 1968.
Like the preceding Japanese music charts provided by Tokushin Music Report which was started in 1962,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=会社案内 – tokushin music report )〕 early ''Original Confidence'' was an exclusive information magazine only for the people who worked in the music industry. However, in the 1970s, Koike willingly advertised his company's charts to make its existence prevail among Japanese public. Thanks to his intensive promotional efforts on the multiple media including television programs, the hit parade became known by its abbreviation "Oricon" by the late 1970s.
The company shortened its name to Oricon in 1992 and was split into a holding company and several subsidiaries in 1999. Since Sōkō Koike's death, Oricon has been managed by the founder's relatives. In 2004, Hirakawachi 1-chome made Oricon history by reaching the 7th spot, making their debut, ''Enpitsu de tsukuru uta'', the youngest j-pop male artists' album charted in the top 10.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』