Orenthal James Simpson (born July 9, 1947), nicknamed "the Juice", is a retired American football player, broadcaster, actor, and convicted felon currently incarcerated at the Lovelock Correctional Center in Nevada. Simpson played college football at the University of Southern California (USC), where he won the Heisman Trophy in 1968. He then played professionally in the National Football League (NFL) as a running back for 11 seasons, with the Buffalo Bills from 1969 to 1977 and with the San Francisco 49ers from 1978 to 1979.
Simpson was the first NFL player to rush for more than 2,000 yards in a season, a mark he set in 1973. While six other players have passed the 2,000-rush yard mark, he stands alone as the only player to rush for more than 2,000 yards in a 14-game season; the NFL changed to a 16-game season in 1978. He holds the record for the single season yards-per-game average, which stands at 143.1. Simpson was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1983 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1985. After retiring from professional football, he had a career as a football broadcaster and actor.
In 1995, he was acquitted of the 1994 murders of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman after a lengthy and internationally publicized criminal trial, the ''People v. Simpson''. In 1997, a civil court awarded a judgment against Simpson for their wrongful deaths; he had paid little of the $33.5 million judgment.〔("O.J. Simpson ordered to stop spending" ). CNN. May 3, 2007.〕
In September 2007, Simpson was arrested in Las Vegas, Nevada, and charged with numerous felonies, including armed robbery and kidnapping. In 2008, he was found guilty〔('O.J. Simpson guilty in armed robbery, kidnapping trial." ) CNN. October 4, 2008.〕 and sentenced to 33 years imprisonment, with a minimum of nine years without parole. He is serving his sentence at the Lovelock Correctional Center in Lovelock, Nevada.〔(O.J. transferred to Lovelock ), ''Las Vegas Sun'', December 19, 2008.〕
Simpson was born in San Francisco, the son of Eunice (née Durden; October 23, 1921 – San Francisco, California, November 9, 2001), a hospital administrator, and Jimmy Lee Simpson (Arkansas, January 29, 1920 – San Francisco, California, June 9, 1986), a chef and bank custodian.〔〔("O.J. Simpson Biography (1947–)." ) ''Film Reference.com.''〕 Simpson's maternal grandparents were from Louisiana.〔("Ancestry of O.J. Simpson." ), wargs.com.〕 His aunt gave him the name Orenthal, which supposedly was the name of a French actor she liked.〔Schwartz, Larry. ("Before trial, Simpson charmed America." ). ESPN. 2000.〕 Simpson has one brother, Melvin Leon "Truman" Simpson, one living sister, Shirley Simpson-Baker, and one deceased sister, Carmelita Simpson-Durio. As a child, Simpson developed rickets and wore braces on his legs until the age of five.〔("A timeline of O.J. Simpson's life." ) CNN.〕 His parents separated in 1952 and he was raised by his mother.
Growing up in San Francisco, Simpson lived in the housing projects of the Potrero Hill neighborhood. In his early teenage years, he joined a street gang called the Persian Warriors and was briefly incarcerated at the San Francisco Youth Guidance Center.〔 At Galileo High School (currently Galileo Academy of Science and Technology) in San Francisco, Simpson played for the school football team, the Galileo Lions.
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