Novi Sad raid
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The Novi Sad raid ((セルビア語:Новосадска рација/''Novosadska racija''))〔Mojzes, P. (2011) Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the 20th Century, Rowman & Littlefield, p. 88〕 or the Újvidék massacre〔Patai, R (1996), ''The Jews of Hungary: History, Culture, Psychology'', Wayne State University Press, p. 590〕 was a series of attacks by Hungarian troops against civilians in Hungarian occupied Bačka on January 1942, after the Axis invasion and partition of Yugoslavia. The raids were conducted in several places in southern Bačka region, including Novi Sad, villages and towns in Šajkaška, as well as the towns of Temerin, Srbobran and Bečej. An estimated 3,000 to 4,000 civilian hostages, mostly Serbs and Jews, were rounded up and then killed.
The cause of the raids is disputed. The Hungarians characterized the raid as a reprisal for resistance activities,〔 although others believe that the real aim was the liquidation of "unwanted elements".〔Pejin, Jovan. ''Velikomađarski kapric'', Zrenjanin, 2007, p. 96.〕
Using minor local Partisan activity as an explanation, Hungarian forces assembled 240 patrols in southeastern Bačka, around Novi Sad, to conduct anti-Partisan raids. The patrols rounded up and executed civilians allegedly suspected of aiding local resistance fighters. As by the end of 1941 the resistance in Bačka had been largely defeated some believe that the real aim of the raids was ethnic cleansing against minority groups, their murders, and the robbery of their property. In 1941, about 2,500 Serbs had been killed and about 65,000 expelled from Bačka by the Hungarian authorities.〔Golubović, Zvonimir. ''Racija u Južnoj Bačkoj 1942 godine'', Novi Sad, 1992, pp. 43-44, 147, 194.〕〔Golubović, Zvonimir. ''Racija 1942, Enciklopedija Novog Sada'', knjiga 23, Novi Sad, 2004, p. 221.〕
The raid began on 6 January in the town of Čurug with suspected partisans, including women and children, being removed to barns, storage buildings, and municipal buildings. Although some suspects were released between 500 to 1,000 people were killed. Their bodies were stripped of all valuables. The raid moved onto other local settlements such as Gospođinci and Titel on the same and next day. During the next three days, 7–9 January, further killings occurred in the towns of Temerin and Žabalj.〔
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