New York is a state in the Northeastern United States and is the United States' 27th-most extensive, fourth-most populous, and seventh-most densely populated state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the west and north. The state of New York is often referred to as New York State to distinguish it from New York City, the state's most populous city and its economic hub.
With an estimated population of nearly 8.5 million in 2014,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2014 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States -- Places of 50,000+ Population - 2014 Population Estimates )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates )〕 New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2 )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2 )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2 )〕 The New York City Metropolitan Area is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Largest Cities of the World – (by metro population) )〕 New York City is a global city,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Global power city index 2009 )〕 exerting a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, its fast pace defining the term ''New York minute''. 〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Dictionary - Full Definition of NEW YORK MINUTE )〕 The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York City is an important center for international diplomacy and has been described as the cultural and financial capital of the world,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Consulate General of Iceland New York Culture )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Consulate of Latvia in New York )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Introduction to Chapter 14: New York City (NYC) Culture )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=New York, Culture Capital of the World, 1940–1965 / edited by Leonard Wallock ; essays by Dore Ashton ... (al. ) )〕〔 as well as the world's most economically powerful city.〔
(【引用サイトリンク】title=PAL sets introductory fares to New York )〕〔
〕 New York City makes up over 40% of the population of New York State. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York City Metropolitan Area, and nearly 40% live on Long Island.〔 Both the state and New York City were named for the 17th century Duke of York, future King James II of England. The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany.
The earliest Europeans in New York were French colonists and Jesuit missionaries who arrived southward from settlements at Montreal for trade and proselytizing. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time Dutch settlers moved into the region in the early 17th century. In 1609, the region was first claimed by Henry Hudson for the Dutch, who built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany later developed. The Dutch soon also settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the colony of New Netherland, a multicultural community from its earliest days and a center of trade and immigration. The British annexed the colony from the Dutch in 1664. The borders of the British colony, the Province of New York, were similar to those of the present-day state.
Many landmarks in New York are well known to both international and domestic visitors, with New York State hosting four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls (shared with Ontario), and Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity. New York's higher education network comprises approximately 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 35 in the world.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015 )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=CWUR 2015 - World University Rankings )〕