National Institute of Statistics (Italy)
| National Institute of Statistics (Italy) ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: ''Istituto Nazionale di Statistica''; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=About Italian National Institute of Statistics )〕 Its activities include the census of population, economic censuses and a number of social, economic and environmental surveys and analyses. Istat is by far the largest producer of statistical information in Italy, and is an active member of the European Statistical System, coordinated by Eurostat.
Its publications are released under creative commons "Attribution" (CC BY) license.
Istat was created in 1926 as "Central Institute of Statistics" (Istituto Centrale di Statistica), to collect and organize essential data about the nation. It took its current denomination with the reform of 1989. This also gave Istat statutory responsibility for the coordination and standardization of official statistics collected or published under the aegis of the national statistical system SISTAN, whose membership includes the statistical offices of ministries, national agencies, regions, provinces, communes, chambers of commerce, and similar bodies.
Since August 4, 2009, Enrico Giovannini, former Chief statistician of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), has been the President of the institute.
In 2014, Istat was named the winner of that year's Ig Nobel Prize for Economics after it began including estimates of illegal transactions (including but not limited to prostitution, drugs, and smuggling) in the official size of the country's economy.
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