National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution
| National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The National Front for the Implementation of the Constitution ((エストニア語:Põhiseaduse Elluviimise Rahvarinne), PER) was a political movement in Estonia. For all intents and purposes, it was an enlarged version of the Patriotic League, the only legally permitted party in the country.
In 1936--two years after Konstantin Päts's self-coup in 1934--the Patriotic League had been established as the sole legal party in the country.〔Vincent E McHale (1983) ''Political parties of Europe'', Greenwood Press, p380 ISBN 0-313-23804-9〕 A National Assembly was elected in 1936 to draw up a new constitution. Prior to the 1938 elections the Patriotic League set up the National Front to run in the elections,〔 which were not entirely free and fair.〔Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) ''Elections in Europe: A data handbook'', p566 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7〕 The PER was the only organisation to contest the elections, although independent candidates were also allowed to run.〔Nohlen & Stöver, p583〕 The PER won 64 of the 80 seats,〔Nohlen & Stöver, p587〕 eight of them unopposed.〔Nohlen & Stöver, p568〕
In 1940 the Soviet Union began its occupation of the country and all non-Communist political parties were banned.
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