The National Food Security Act, 2013 (also Right to Food Act) is an Act of the Parliament of India which aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India's 1.2 billion people.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Govt defers promulgation of ordinance on Food Security Bill )〕 It was signed into law on September 12, 2013, retroactive to July 5, 2013.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.btvin.com/videos/watch/7714/food-security-act-to-be-implemented-from-july-5 )〕
The National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA 2013) converts into legal entitlements for existing food security programmes of the Government of India. It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, Integrated Child Development Services scheme and the Public Distribution System. Further, the NFSA 2013 recognizes maternity entitlements. The Midday Meal Scheme and the Integrated Child Development Services Scheme are universal in nature whereas the PDS will reach about two-thirds of the population (75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas).
Under the provisions of the bill, beneficiaries of the Public Distribution System (or, PDS) are entitled to per person per month of cereals at the following prices:
* Rice at per kg
* Wheat at per kg
* Coarse grains (millet) at per kg.
Pregnant women, lactating mothers, and certain categories of children are eligible for daily free meals.
The bill has been highly controversial. It was introduced into India's parliament on December 22, 2011, promulgated as a presidential ordinance on July 5, 2013, and enacted into law on September 12, 2013.〔(U.S. Department of Agriculture, New Delhi, India, ''Indian Cabinet Approves National Food Security Bill 2013'', GAIN Report IN3037, April 11, 2013 )〕〔(National Food Security Ordinance, No. 7 of 2013, July 5, 2013 )〕
odisha government implemented food security bill in 14 district from November 17,2015
75% of rural population and 50% of the urban population are entitled for three years from enactment to food grains per month at , , per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains (millet), respectively;
The states are responsible for determining eligibility criteria;
Pregnant women and lactating mothers are entitled to a nutritious "take home ration" of 600 Calories and a maternity benefit of at least Rs 6,000 for six months;
Children 6 months to 14 years of age are to receive free hot meals or "take home rations";
The central government will provide funds to states in case of short supplies of food grains;
The current food grain allocation of the states will be protected by the central government for at least six months;
The state government will provide a food security allowance to the beneficiaries in case of non-supply of food grains; The Public Distribution System is to be reformed;
The eldest woman in the household, 18 years or above,〔http://indiacode.nic.in/acts-in-pdf/202013.pdf〕 is the head of the household for the issuance of the ration card;
There will be state- and district-level redress mechanisms; and
State Food Commissions will be formed for implementation and monitoring of the provisions of the Act.# The cost of the implementation is estimated to be $22 billion(1.25 lac crore), approximately 1.5% of GDP.
The poorest who are covered under the Antodaya yojna will remain entitled to the of grains allotted to them under the mentioned scheme.
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