National Center for Medical Intelligence
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The National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI) (formerly known as the Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center),
is a component of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA).〔DoD Instruction 6420.01, "National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI)", March 20, 2009, http://ftp.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/i6420_01.pdf.〕 Headquartered at Fort Detrick, Maryland, NCMI's mission is to monitor, track and assess a full range of global health events that could negatively impact the health of U.S. military and civilian populations.〔Matthew Watson: "DIA Establishes National Center for Medical Intelligence", http://www.upmc-biosecurity.org/website/biosecurity_briefing/archive/govt_response/2008-07-11-dianatlctrmedintell.html, July 11, 2008.〕
The NCMI traces its origins to the organization of a medical intelligence section in the Office the Surgeon General of the United States Army during World War II. Prior to entry into the war, the Surgeon General established medical intelligence to support planning for the administration of military governments in U.S. Army occupied territories occupied by providing detailed guides for civil public health and sanitation conditions. As the prospect of United States entry into the war increased, the need for a full-time staff of medical intelligence analysts became apparent. During the war, medical intelligence products were part of formal war planning with the incorporation of health and sanitary data into War Department Strategic Surveys.
In 1963, the DIA absorbed medical intelligence as a division in its production branch. During the later Cold War era, the medical intelligence division underwent several evolutions in size, structure and specific function. In the early 1970s, the division became victim of DoD downsizing initiatives in the post-Vietnam era. Recognizing its importance, the Army Surgeon General again took sole responsibility for the medical intelligence function in the form of the United States Army Medical Intelligence and Information Agency (USAMIIA). USAMIIA transferred to Fort Detrick in 1979 and was renamed as AFMIC in 1982 when it became a tri-service organization.〔Robert L. Bolin: ''Army Technical Intelligence Chronology'', Chapter 4: Official Documents, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Neb., 2000, online at http://unllib.unl.edu/Bolin_resources/TI/tech-int.html, Version 7.05; Revised, March 22, 2005.〕 Congress mandated the permanent transfer of AFMIC to DIA in 1992 under the DoD Authorization Act.〔Jeffrey T. Richelson: ''The U.S. Intelligence Community'', Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1999, p. 62.〕 As of January 1992, AFMIC became a DIA field production activity.
On July 2, 2008, AFMIC was formally redesignated as the NCMI in a ceremony at Ft. Detrick.〔Colonel Anthony M. Rizzo, Director, National Center for Medical Intelligence: "Meeting Emerging and Constantly Changing Health Threats with a Central Point of Information and Intelligence", ''Military Medical/CBRN Technology'', 2008 Volume: 12 Issue: 5 (August), http://www.military-medical-technology.com/mmt-archives/24-mmt-2008-volume-12-issue-5/146-national-center-for-medical-intelligence.html.〕 In 2010, the center received a facility expansion that added workspaces, conference and training rooms, and additional parking.〔Megan Eckstein, News-Post Staff: "Medical Intelligence group adds much-needed office space at Fort Detrick", ''Frederick News-Post'', http://www.fredericknewspost.com/archive/article_d81fa175-2de5-5109-830e-b71a5a534900.html?mode=jqm, Posted Nov 10, 2010.〕
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