Motley County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,210,〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/48/48345.html )〕 making it the tenth-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Matador.〔(【引用サイトリンク】accessdate=2011-06-07 )〕 The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1891. It is named for Junius William Mottley, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. Mottley's name is spelled incorrectly because the bill establishing the county misspelled his name. Motley County is one of thirty 〔http://www.tabc.state.tx.us/local_option_elections/index.asp〕 prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas.
Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Motley County in the Texas House of Representatives.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30 )〕
Motley County was created on August 21, 1876, from Young and Bexar counties. It was organized on February 5, 1891. The large Matador Ranch, established in 1882 by a syndicate from Scotland and still operational after it was liquidated in 1951, is located in Motley and five adjoning counties.
The first white child in Motley County, Nora Cooper, was born in 1882 near what is the now ghost town of Tee Pee City, a camp operated by buffalo hunters and later the headquarters of the Texas Rangers under Captain G.W. Arrington from 1879 to 1881.〔"Tee Pee City", Historical marker, Texas Historical Commission, Motley County, Texas〕
In 1913, the eight-mile long Motley County Railroad was chartered with money from more than ninety investors. It ran through unfenced ranch lands in the county before joining the Quanah, Acme and Pacific Railway at Roaring Springs. This track continued to operate until 1936.〔"The Motley County Railroad", Historical marker, Texas Historical Commission, Motley County, Texas〕
In 1927-1928, Dr. Albert Carroll Traweek, Sr., an investor in the Motley Railroad, established the Traweek Hospital, which was turned over to the county in 1991 and became the Motley County Historical Museum.
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