|population_estimate_year = 2014
|population_estimate_rank = 133rd
|population_census_year = 2004
|population_density_km2 = 105
|population_density_sq_mi = 272
|population_density_rank = 101st
|GDP_PPP_year = 2015
|GDP_PPP = $17.693 billion
|GDP_PPP_per_capita = $4,973 〔
|GDP_nominal_year = 2015
|GDP_nominal = $6.140 billion〔
|GDP_nominal_per_capita = $1,725 〔
|Gini_year = 2010
|Gini_change = decrease
|Gini = 33.0
|Gini_ref =〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=World Development Indicators: Distribution of income or consumption )〕
|HDI_year = 2013
|HDI_change = steady
|HDI = 0.663
|HDI_rank = 114th
|currency = Leu
|currency_code = MDL
|time_zone = EET
|utc_offset = +2
|time_zone_DST = EEST
|utc_offset_DST = +3
|drives_on = right
|patron_saint = Saint George
|calling_code = +373
|cctld = .md
|footnote_a = As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".
|footnote_b = Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.
:''For "Moldavians" see Moldavians (disambiguation)''
Moldova (; ), officially the Republic of Moldova ((ルーマニア語、モルドバ語():Republica Moldova), ), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Moldova )〕 The capital city is Chișinău.
Moldova declared independence on August 27, 1991 as part of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The current Constitution of Moldova was adopted in 1994. A strip of Moldovan territory on the east bank of the river Dniester has been under the ''de facto'' control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since 1990.
Due to a decrease in industrial and agricultural output following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the service sector has grown to dominate Moldova's economy and currently composes over 60% of the nation's GDP. However, Moldova remains the poorest country in Europe.〔
Moldova is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. It is a member state of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) and aspires to join the European Union.
== Etymology ==
(詳細はMoldova River; the valley of this river was a political centre when the Principality of Moldavia was founded in 1359. The origin of the name of the river is not clear. According to a legend recounted by Moldavian chroniclers Dimitrie Cantemir and Grigore Ureche, the river was named by prince Dragoș after hunting an aurochs: after the chase, his exhausted hound ''Molda'' drowned in the river. The dog's name was given to the river and extended to the Principality.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』